Tomorrow is the 72nd anniversary of the day the UN Charter came into force. The UN in Libya needs all the strength it can muster to resolve the differences between the House of Representatives, elected in 2012, and the Presidency Council created two years ago as part of the Libyan Peace Agreement.
It is disappointing that the Libyan talks in Tunis, led by UNSMIL Chief, Ghassan Salamé, have ended without compromise. Given the security improvements this year, it is important that the Libyan political leaders support the action plan that was approved by the UN Security Council last month. See Chapter 6 of Belfast to Benghazi for the challenges leading to the 2012 Election.
The commander-in-chief of the Libyan National Army, Khalifa Haftar, has claimed that he now controls 98% of the 17th largest country in the World. However, this does not include the capital, Tripoli, nor the industrial port of Misrata. It is unlikely that Haftar will force his way into these cities, but some of their militias might declare for the LNA.
Haftar’s victories over Islamic Terrorism brings him popularity among ordinary Libyans and takes him closer to the UN viewpoint, but his rivalry to the Presidency Council’s leader and close association with Russia may still prove to be obstacles to a unified solution.